Snohomish Tribe of Indians History Timeline

1855: Nine high class Snohomish men sign the Treaty of Point Elliott. The Snohomish are promised land different than the Tulalip reservation.
1859: The treaty of Point Elliott is ratified
1860: Simmon's report recommends against a separate Snohomish reservation.
1873: Pres. Grant issues Executive Order establishing general reservation at Tulalip as the "Tulalip Confederated Tribe"
1883: First allotments are made and only the Snohomish receive the smaller 40-acre allotments.
1887: Dawes Severability Act allows allotment off-reservation. Requires denouncing being "indian". Homestead and off-reservations allotments made.
1923: Meetings of the Snohomish held with goal of organizing and becoming recognized as a separate entiry. An enrollment committee is formed
1927: The Snohomish Tribe of Indians is Incorporated with more than 400 members.
1928: The bylaws for the tribe are published
1930: Letter from Superintendent to Agent Duclos starts split with off-reservation members to be ignored
1934: The Indian Reorganization Act (Wheller-Howard) of 1934 further splits off-reservation Snohomish and Tulalip Confederated Tribe Off-reservation Indians are no longer allowed to vote; a practice inconsistent with that of other reservations
1942-1945: World War II
1946: Indian Claims Commission Act
1950: Formal meeting Acting Superintendent F.A. Gross announcing that the Snohomish had one year to file claim with Indian Claims Commission. Snohomish member Captain Elwell to secure allotments for Snohomish Tribe in Claims Court.
1952: Collin Tweddel, anthropologist, makes a survey to prove aboriginal possession of claimed area and habitat
1958: The Snohomish Tribe of Indians joins the Congress of American Indians
1959: The Snohomish Tribe of Indians unanimously refused a government land offer and appeals the decision. Senate Resolution #3 was voted down.
1964: Discussion of the reservation continues
1967: Indian Claims Commission judgement awarded and possibility of a reservation continues to be investigated.
1979: Dispersal of Indian Claims Commission Act of about about $232 per enrolled member. The U.S. Government considers this to be final payment/recognition.
1979: Judge Boldt decision
1980: Forestry service donates $87,000 for a land survey.
1983: Petition for Federal Recognition denied
1986: Recognized tribes offer support and/or Resolutions supporting recognition are on file from the superintendent of the Puget Sound Agency, The Shoalwater Bay Tribe, The Stillaguamish Tribe, The Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe and the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde.
2006: Appeals continue. Legal action in Federal Court to restore recognition.